Pigmentation, also known as hyperpigmentation, is a condition that causes darkened patches, large or small, on your skin.
Your skin tone is determined by pigment-producing cells known as melanocytes. These cells produce melanin to give your skin its distinctive color. When melanocytes are on overdrive, they produce excessive melanin in particular areas causing small and large darkened patches. This overdrive is most often caused by sun exposure.
Generally, pigmentation skin conditions are harmless, but, they could be a result of an underlying medical issue.
Freckles are the most common type of pigmentation. They are small, multiple brownish spots usually seen on fairer complexions. Freckles are caused by sun exposure and may reduce in number in less sunny seasons.
Patchy brown or blue-grey discoloration is seen mainly on the face. Generally, affects women in their reproductive years, and is visible on the forehead, upper cheeks, and chin.
Common triggers of melasma are sun exposure and an increase in hormone levels. External hormones and pregnancy are general causes of these dark patches. Medication and a family history of melasma could also cause your skin to produce these unsightly patches.
General recommendations for skin pigmentation are the usage of good sunscreen. At Christell, we go a step further to examine the cause of the pigmentation and provide you with a tailored treatment plan.