Dry Skin / Xerosis

Dry Skin / Xerosis

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Dry skin or dehydration of superficial layer of skin is caused by inactive oil glands that don’t produce enough sebum for lubrication.It is a very common condition and is especially prevalent among elderly and in arid climates. It more commonly affects lower legs but may affect any area of body. If severe enough it can lead to irritation and itching leading to Eczema.

Ichthyosis vulgaris is genetically inherent disorder affecting the skin cell formation and turn-over. Skin changes usually appear by 5 yrs.’ of age, and include dry skin with white to brown scales.

Various other causes of Dry Skin/ Xerosis

  • Elderly
  • Hereditary
  • Hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism
  • Lipid lowering medications
  • Drugs- cimetidine, hydrochlorothiazide
  • Malignancy – Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • HIV infection
  • Autoimmune disorder
  • Chronic renal; failure
  • Eating disorder and malnutrition
Tip – Use Luke warm water and not hot water for cleansing. Use mild non soapy cleansers or creamy face wash as they preserve natural oils in the skin. Use cleansers containing glycerine. Rich hydrating moisturizers are required for dry skin. These will increase the skin’s water content, improve its smoothness and decrease symptoms of itching, stinging and burning.

Treatments

Topical preparations

  • Hydra peel
  • Oxygen treatment
  • Infusion of skin with hyaluronic acid to retain moisture
  • Gel Peels
  • Derma roller treatment